Exercise Enjoyment

The Exercise Enjoyment Scale (EES; Stanley, Williams, & Cumming, 2009) is a single-item 7-point scale to assess enjoyment pre-, during, and post-exercise.

Evidence supports its construct validity, with moderate correlations found between the EES and the interested/enjoyment sub-scale of the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory (IMI; Ryan, 1982), sub-scales of the Exercise-Induced Feeling Inventory (EFI; Gauvin & Rejeski, 1993), and the Feeling Scale (FS; Hardy & Rejeski, 1989) .

Published papers that have used the EES:

Stanley, D. M., & Cumming, J. (2010). Are we having fun yet? Testing the effects of imagery use on the affective and enjoyment responses to acute moderate exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11, 582-590.

Kilpatrick, M. W., Greeley, S. J., & Collins, L. H. (2015). The impact of continuous and interval cycle exercise on affect and enjoyment. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. doi:10.1080/02701367.2015.1015673

Abstracts published that have used the EES:

Stanley, D. M., Williams, S. E., & Cumming, J. (2009). Preliminary validation of a single-item measure of exercise enjoyment: The Exercise Enjoyment Scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 31, S138-139.

*If you have used the EES and would like to add your citation to this list, please email J.Cumming@Bham.ac.uk.

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