The Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire (SIAQ; Williams & Cumming, 2011) is a 15-item questionnaire to assess five types of athlete imagery ability: skill imagery ability, strategy imagery ability, goal imagery ability, affect imagery ability, and mastery imagery ability.
It has good psychometric properties, internal reliability, test-retest reliability, convergent validity, predictive validity, and is able to distinguish between groups of athletes.
The SIAQ is currently available in English, German, Persian, and Spanish and is being translated into Brazilian Portuguese, Thai, and Turkish. We are also pleased to receive requests to translate the SIAQ into other languages.
Williams, S. E., & Cumming, J. (2014). The Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire Manual. Birmingham, UK: Author. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1608.6565. Click here to download the manual.
Book chapters referring to the SIAQ:
Munroe-Chandler, K. & Hall, C. (2016). Imagery. In R. J. Schinke, K. R. McGannon, & B. Smith (Eds), Routledge International Handbook of Sport Psychology (pp. 357-368). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Papers published that have used the SIAQ:
Alcaraz-Ibanez, M., Manuel Aguilar-Parra, J., Alias Garcia, A., & Rodriguez Martinez, A. (2017). Spanish adaptation and validation of the Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire. REVISTA MEXICANA DE PSICOLOGIA, 34(1), 65-76.
Anuar, N., Cumming, J., & Williams, S. (2017). Emotion regulation predicts imagery ability. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 36(3), 254-269. doi: 0276236616662200.
Anuar, N., Williams, S. E., & Cumming, J. (2017). Do the physical and environment PETTLEP elements predict sport imagery ability?. European Journal of Sport Science, 17(10), 1319-1327. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2017.1377290
Ashrafi, S. V. S., & Hemayat Talab, R. (2015). A comparison of elite and non-elite athletes’ sport imagery ability. International Journal of Sport Studies, 5, 488-491. Click here to download the paper.
Ashrafi, S. V. S., Hemayat Talab, R. H., & Shojaei, M. (2015). Validity and reliability of Persian Version of the Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire. International Journal of Sport Studies, 5, 482-487. Click here to download the paper.
Koehn, S., Stavrou, N. A. M., Young, J. A., & Morris, T. (2015). The applied model of imagery use: Examination of moderation and mediation effects. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. doi: 10.1111/sms.12525.
Quinton, M. L., Cumming, J., & Williams, S. E. (2018). Investigating the mediating role of positive and negative mastery imagery ability. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 35, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.10.011
Ross-Stewart, L., Price, J., Jackson, D., & Hawkins, C. (2018). A Preliminary Investigation into the Use of an Imagery Assisted Virtual Reality Intervention in Sport. Journal of Sports Science, 6, 20-30. Click here to download the paper.
Shearer, D., Bruton, A., Short, S., & Roderique-Davies, G. (2017). Effects of Sleep Quality on Imagery Ability in Athletic Populations. Imagination, Cognition and Personality. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0276236617734537
Simonsmeier, B. A., & Buecker, S. (2017). Interrelations of imagery use, imagery ability, and performance in young athletes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 29(1), 32-43. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200.2016.1187686
Simonsmeier, B. A., & Hannemann, A. (2017). Die deutsche Übersetzung des SIQ und SIAQ zur Erfassung von Vorstellungsgebrauch und Vorstellungskompetenz im Sport. Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie [German Translation of the SIQ and SIAQ to Assess Imagery Use and Imagery Ability in Sports], 24(3):100-110 https://doi.org/10.1026/1612-5010/a000204
Singnoy, C., Vongjaturapat, N., & Fonseca, A. M. (2015). Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire Thai Version (SIAQt). International Journal of Sports Science, 5(1), 33-38. doi: doi:10.5923/j.sports.20150501.06
Williams, S. E., & Cumming, J. (2011). Development and validation of the Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33, 416-440. Click here for MiniManuscript of paper.
Williams, S. E., & Cumming, J. (2012). Challenge vs. threat imagery: Investigating the effect of using imagery to manipulate cognitive appraisal of a dart throwing task. Sport and Exercise Psychology Review, 8, 4-21.
Williams. S. E., & Cumming, J. (2012a). Athletes’ ease of imaging predicts their imagery and observational learning use. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13, 362-370.
Williams, S. E., & Cumming, J. (2012c). Sport imagery ability predicts trait confidence, and challenge and threat appraisal tendencies. European Journal of Sport Science, 12, 499-508.
Williams, S. E., Cooley, S. J., & Cumming, J. (2013). Layered stimulus response training improves motor imagery ability and movement execution. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35, 60-71.
Williams, S. E., & Cumming, J. (2015). Athlete imagery ability: A predictor of confidence and anxiety intensity and direction. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. doi: 10.1080/1612197X.2015.1025809
Cumming, J., & Williams, S. E. (2011). Athletes’ imagery ability predicts their use of observational learning. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33, S12.
Cumming, J., & Williams, S. E. (2012). Sport imagery ability predicts confidence and anxiety intensity and direction. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 34, S220.
Williams, S. E., & Cumming, J. (2010). Assessing athletes’ imagery ability: The development of the Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32, S230.
Gonzalez, S.P., & Gaddy, J.W. (February, 2016). Improving Mission Rehearsals with Mental Imagery in U.S. Army Trainings. Association for Applied Sport Psychology Southeast Regional Conference, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA.
*If you have used the SIAQ and would like to add your citation to this list, please J.Cumming@Bham.ac.uk.